Sterile water is a type of pure water. it is similar to Distilled water, but with one important difference: it is less pure because it contains inorganic substances. Sterile water has many applications in health and medicine, chemical manufacturingand pharmaceutical manufacturing.
In Distilled water, both organic and inorganic substances have been removed from the water. Meanwhile, sterile water has removed organic contaminants such as bacteria, but still contains plenty of inorganic minerals and salts. The presence of inorganic substances in sterile water is responsible for its slightly acidic pH level, which ranges from 5.0 to only 7.0. in comparison, Distilled water has a neutral pH of 7.0.
Is sterile water the same as boiled water?
Sterile water is not the same as boiled water. Boiling is a simple way to ensure that the pathogens in the water are killed. It is sometimes used when sterilizing water, but only on a smaller scale.
Boiling water does not necessarily remove impurities, whether organic or inorganic. However, since most microorganisms cannot survive at the boiling point of water (100 °C at .) 1 atm (101.325 kPa)), all normal microbes die in the process of boiling.
There are other more effective methods of sterilizing water, such as irradiation, ozonation, and chlorination. In large-scale water purification, such as treating our tap water, boiling is neither practical nor energy efficient.
During the process of sterilization, water goes through several stages of filtration to remove large organic molecules, including the remains of microorganisms. However, some inorganic impurities, such as salts and minerals, may still remain.
How do you make sterile water?
The easiest way to make sterile water is to boil it in a pressure cooker at 121°C for at least 20 minutes. Being sterile simply means that it is free of any viable microorganisms that could potentially cause harm or infection.
Most bacteria and viruses are inactivated at temperatures approaching the boiling point of water. You don’t necessarily have to boil water to kill most pathogens. However, if you want to be sure, you should boil the water for at least a minute. can not be low temperature inactivate certain microorganisms,
The high temperature of boiling water can kill microorganisms in several ways:
Can you drink sterile water?
Commercially produced sterile water is not intended for drinking. It is usually meant for washing wounds, and may contain some minerals. Usually the dissolved air is also removed from the water during sterilization. Therefore, it may not contain the normal amount of dissolved oxygen, which is necessary to contribute to the pleasant taste of drinking water.
Additionally, medical sterile water for irrigation should not be drunk because it is hypotonic. This means that it can be easily absorbed by the body’s cells, and this can lead to a variety of conditions, including:
- very low levels of sodium in the blood (hyponatremia,
- very low levels of protein and other nutrients in the blood (hypoosmolality,
- Fluid overload in cells, caused by rapid absorption of water due to osmosis
These conditions are dangerous and can result in permanent morbidity or even death. In addition to medical irrigation, sterile water in the form of nebulized particles of water mixed with certain medications can also be injected or inhaled. Following are some serious side effects of sterile water:
- hives or Hives: Patients may feel itchy on their skin
- Difficulty in breathing: This usually occurs when water is used as a nebulized bronchodilator for asthmatics
- Swelling: The face, lips, tongue, or throat may swell due to rapid and excessive cellular absorption of water
If you experience one or more of these symptoms, you will need immediate medical attention. Postoperative patients may be at risk of experiencing some of these side effects.
Common uses of sterile water
Sterile water is commonly used for medical purposes. It is used to irrigate or clean wounds, and some drugs can be dissolved in sterile water for either intramuscular or intravenous injection. It is also used in nebulizers to treat asthma attacks.
sterile water for injection
In injection, the ratio of the drug to water depends on several factors, such as the intended dosage, the patient’s body weight, and the type of drug to be given. Sterile water for injection is contained in a single-use container that cannot be re-sealed. Any excess amount of water should be discarded.
What is sterile water for injection?
Sterile Water for Injection is for parenteral use only, which means it should not be taken orally. It can be used to mix drugs, or it can be used to dilute drugs to specific dosages. The water can then be injected into a vein or into the intermuscular spaces, depending on the intended drug effect.
Adding the drug for dilution should be done in a completely aseptic manner to prevent contamination. For example, a sterilized syringe can be used to add medication to a container of sterile water for dilution. It should not be administered without any solute as it may result in hemolysisDestruction of blood cells that release hemoglobin from red blood cells due to excessive fluid absorption by the cells.
sterile water for wound irrigation
in medicine, irrigation Means washing a wound or body cavity. It is divided into three types:
- Bladder irrigation: Sterile water for irrigation used to prepare a solution to clean the bladder or to give medicine through running water
- Intestinal irrigation: Sterile water is pumped through the anus into the large intestine for irrigation to clear the intestinal tract or to introduce medicine
- Wound Irrigation: This can be done either as first aid for minor wounds or as part of surgical procedures. Slightly pressurized water may be used to remove debris from an open wound.
domestic use of sterile water
You don’t necessarily have to buy sterile water. Depending on what you’re using it for at home, you may be able to make it yourself. For example, if all you need to do is wash the wound, you can use boiled tap water.
However, for more sensitive treatments, such as those used to treat sinus problems, you should use a sterile water product prescribed by your doctor.
where to buy pure water
As a consumer, you can usually buy purified water from supermarkets, hardware stores and petrol stations.
If you want to start a business buy pure water In bulk, you will typically buy from a chemical manufacturer such as Reagent, or a water supplier. At ReAgent, we sell a variety of purified water to business customers, including: