Skills Gap in the US and Chinese Chemical Industries – Spotchemy Blog

Skills Gap in the US and Chinese Chemical Industries - Spotchemy Blog

The skills gap is widening, as the latest figures for manufacturing jobs show there is a lot of work but not enough trained workers. with chemical industry Growing faster than other manufacturing sectors, the shortage of skilled workforce will impact chemical production harder than others.

There has been much discussion about how a change in output will affect employment levels. But while many fear that Industry 4.0, the increased use of robotics, advanced computing, AI and the Internet of Things, will result in major job losses, history tells us otherwise. During the previous revolutions (19.)th Century England, the Henry Ford production line, and Japanese automation), whenever industrialization has advanced, despite intimidating the Luddites, more jobs have been created than lost.

Instead, the problem lies in the lack of trained workers in the job market. An issue highlighted in the latest Skill gap in manufacturing The report, published by Deloitte, states that, “the skills gap could leave an estimated 2.4 million positions vacant between 2018 and 2028, with a potential economic impact of $2.5 trillion. In addition, the study shows that digital talent, skilled Positions related to production and operations managers could be three times more difficult to fill in the next three years.

facing three main challenges chemical industry employer,

  1. lack of interest in manufacturing

An earlier 2015 report (also by industry consultants at Deloitte in collaboration with the Manufacturing Institute) found that interest in careers in manufacturing among school dropouts was already low.

In the study, respondents aged 19 to 33 gave their opinion on work in manufacturing, where many said they thought employment there would be dirty, inflexible and dangerous. As a result, Millennials love the idea of ​​working in industries such as technology, healthcare, and finance.

  1. lack of manufacturing skills

With less youth interested in pursuing a career in manufacturing, the demand for skills required to work in this field is decreasing. As a result, there is a trend away from STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) subjects making it difficult for employers. chemical industry To find suitable qualified employees.

Other than this, chemical marketrapid growth in demand special chemicals mean that raw material production likely to be more technical, such as Production plant always gets bigger and more complicated.

  1. Skilled Baby Boomers Are Retiring

Adding to this the skill gap challenge chemical industry retirement rate is chemical worker, each removing their skills and experience from the talent pool. As the popularity of work in manufacturing has declined over the past few decades, chemical industry left with the aging population.

As a recent report digitalist magazineNotes, “Average Age chemical worker Presently about 45.3 years old – Older than all other industries except agriculture, transport and utilities and public administration. The industry is currently grappling with knowledge loss as a large part of this population starts retiring in the coming few years.

While there is little evidence of this skilled workforce being replaced at a substantial rate by younger generations. For example, while data usa (a US research body co-funded by Deloitte) notes that there has been a slight increase in the number Bachelor of Chemistry (up 0.45% in 2016 to 21,821), a large number of these students are from abroad. as a report by National Foundation for American Policy “International students make up the bulk of full-time students in many undergraduate science- and engineering-related programs, and their numbers are growing much faster than domestic students,” it says.

Specifically, 57% of full-time chemistry course were filled by international students in the United States.

US is not alone in its skills gap, as demand slumps chemistry There is a growing trend throughout the West as a study subject. For example, in the UK, Royal Society of Chemistry reports that, “In 2017, 26,945 students applied to the university to study chemistry… 8.5 percent in 2016 and 13.4 percent less in 2015.” At the same time, the number of applicants accepted chemistry course also fell, “…down 4.9 percent in 2016 and 9 percent in 2015.”

As a result, many universities are closing their Department of Chemistry completely. laboratory equipment and chemical supply are expensive and can be seen as an expendable overhead for the dwindling number of students. In contrast, the humanities can be taught online, while maintaining a mathematics department requires only a piece of chalk.

but declining interest chemistry Not a global phenomenon.

According to a report on chemical education in china By the Chinese Higher Education Department in cooperation with Beijing’s Curriculum and Teaching Materials Research Institute, the education system is focusing on chemistry from the 1980s.

While similar to many Western education systems, Chinese schoolchildren have the option of discontinuing studies. chemistry Around the age of 13, there is still a lot of interest in the subject.

As stated in the report, “Currently there are about one lakh ordinary secondary schools in China with 60 million students and about two lakh chemistry Teacher’s. Out of 1054 universities and colleges, more than 300 have established chemistry [as a] Speciality.”

Adding to this, of the two million students in adult higher education, “…an eighth of them learn chemistry course, [Plus] Chinese Radio and TV University and Satellite TV Education Offer chemistry lesson per week.”

Given the extraordinary growth of sugar chemical production And its predicted expansion, it seems, can learn much from the West China’s efforts to avoid the skill gap. in spite of western trends chemical companies To set up production in the Far East, China is increasingly taking its domestic chemical requirements in his own hands. whereas chemical industry researchis increasingly being pioneered by Chinese chemists, both academic and commercial.

in fact, while chemical industry It’s Right to Worry About the Skill Gap in Majors chemical industryThis is probably only a regional problem.


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