Market Outlook for Carbon Fiber Market

Carbon fiber for cars

Carbon fiber also known as graphite fiber is a subset of the polymers market. They are made of long, thin and crystalline filaments of carbon that are used to strengthen the material. In addition to low thermal expansion, carbon fiber has high chemical and thermal resistance. The material is lightweight and is five times stronger than steel. Therefore, carbon fiber has a high strength-to-weight ratio, in addition to increased stiffness that promotes its use to make parts of machinery.

Carbon fiber is often woven because the material is stronger when twisted like yarn. The material can be used as a fabric in applications where flexibility is a major criterion. To create a permanent shape, carbon fiber can be placed on the required mold and coated in plastic or resin.

Process used to produce carbon fiber

Growth in physics engineering is one of the major drivers of this market. Carbon fiber is typically made by a process that is both chemical and mechanical. This process is initiated by stretching long strands of fiber and heating it to a very high temperature. Heating is done in a vacuum environment to prevent burning of the fibers. Vacuum combustion leads to carbonization of the material. The carbon atoms within the material vibrate strongly causing most of the non-carbon atoms to move out. The product generated through this process is a fiber composed of long carbon chains with tight interlocking at a molecular level.

Application

Carbon fiber has been used to make bike frames, aircraft wings, automotive drive shafts, tubing, containers, propelled blades and car components. Materials account for a major segment of the automotive sector globally. Other counterparts in the value chain for carbon fiber include the aircraft and aerospace industries, the wind power sector, as well as the automotive industry with customized resin systems.

carbon fiber for cars

Most car components are made of steel. Replacing steel with carbon fiber would reduce the weight of automotive systems by about 60%. The reduced weight of the vehicle will reduce the fuel consumption of the vehicle by about 30%. The thinner in turn will reduce vehicle-associated carbon emissions by about 10-20%. Reducing the weight of automotive systems will lead to sustainable practices. Adoption of green technology will help the environment to achieve a circular economy. However, on studying the trade-offs, it is observed that carbon fiber is more cost-intensive than steel. The material is about 10-12x more expensive than steel.

Composites are gaining popularity in the automotive sector. Due to the cost of the material, carbon fiber was previously primarily used for high-end applications. For example, carbon fiber was used to manufacture the structures of specialty cars and sports vehicles. Carbon fiber for cars is structurally rigid. In addition, the material is moldable. It can also reduce the number of components to be manufactured.

Carbon fiber as a material is popular in the race car field. This is major because race cars generate a large amount of heat. Carbon fiber has low thermal conductivity. In addition, the material has low thermal expansion. Therefore, carbon fiber for cars used in the racing industry manages the heat of the system and maintains it at room temperature. So the high amount of heat released by race cars does not negate the structural integrity of automotive systems.

carbon fiber hydro drip

Hydro drip is the process used to produce impressions or graphics on a structure. This method is widely used in the automotive industry. Carbon Fiber Hydro Drip provides state-of-the-art graphical design for existing automotive systems. The Carbon Fiber Hydro Drip provides a carbon look to the automotive system which is also long lasting. Designs that are applied to a 3D structure are printed on a film. There are intricate designs in the form of diagonal lines on the carbon film.

Carbon fiber as a part of materials science industry

In terms of material science, carbon fiber is mainly used to reinforce compounds such as composites. Carbon reinforced graphite is one such example. The material is commonly used in high temperature applications. Carbon reinforced graphite is used in industries and as an anti-static for the filtration of high temperature gases.

Carbon fiber is also used in the textile industry for tasks such as filament winding, weaving, braiding, etc. The yarn is used to weave carbon fiber filaments or fabrics.

In terms of industrial applications, carbon fiber is also used to make electrodes. Applications for these electrodes are in either amperometry or fast-scan cyclic voltammetry. They are employed in research experiments to study and detect biochemical signaling.

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