5 Key Ingredients of GMP in the Food Industry

5 Key Ingredients of GMP in the Food Industry

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) is an important part of the Quality Assurance and Control (QA/QC) pipeline for food contact materials, from primary packaging to kitchenware. Although the GMP principles were established by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), they were designed as a framework of accountability where the minimum benchmark of quality exceeds compliance standards for various market regulations; including those established by the European Commission.

GMP principles run the gamut in terms of addressable areas, but they are also intentionally flexible. As such, the GMP in food industry checklists often ranges from at least three key principles to more than ten. At Jordi Labs, we believe there are five key ingredients of GMP in the food industry that you should be aware of.

1. Primary Content

In the food industry GMP primarily deals with food contact materials – sometimes abbreviated to FCM. It is necessary for FCMs and their components to be sufficiently inert so that they do not pose any risk to consumers and do not affect product quality. Adherence to this from the current GMP perspective calls for strict adoption of singular formulas without deviation throughout the manufacturing cycle. Essentially, manufacturers must verify the efficacy of candidate materials, and specifically use the best primary material for FCM.

2. Facilities and Equipment

The next thing to consider is the standard of your premises. Everything from the research and development (R&D) laboratory to the packaging line must be properly maintained to ensure that all working conditions are suitable for food production. Key GMP considerations here range from the most basic cleaning standards to critical equipment servicing, minimizing the risk of contamination from the processing equipment or facility.

3. Personnel

Employee hygiene is another important aspect of GMP in the food industry. Hygiene is second nature to most employees in food manufacturing and packaging facilities, but it is important to go beyond incentives and make cleanliness a documented habit. Food contamination from poor hygiene can lead to issues of non-compliance. Training personnel in relevant hygiene regulations and providing the necessary equipment to avoid human contact with products is essential to building a skilled workforce that operates regularly within the GMP framework.

4. Procedures

The FDA expects companies to use modern equipment for all procedures. Since the scope of cGMP principles is extremely wide, it is impossible for the regulator to establish separate checklists of verified instruments for each process. Instead, companies should use tools and processes that are reasonably up-to-date, and should be able to verify the quality of those processes if/when audits are performed.

5. documentation

Although last on the list, the concept of documentation is not the final consideration in the GMP food standards. It goes together with all four elements of this GMP checklist. Manufacturers must build quality at every stage of the manufacturing chain, and in doing so, it is important to document every relevant detail to ensure complete accountability. Naturally, all documentation should be written in plain, professional language and should be easy to follow.

Food Industry GMP with Jordi Labs

Most manufacturers, packagers and processors of food items follow strict internal standards that are adequate to cGMP standards, but there is often an element of uncertainty. Jordi Labs is a trusted partner with years of experience in laboratory analysis for a wide range of applications. If you’d like to learn more about our GMP Food Contact Materials Compliance Services, why not contact a team member today?

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